Sculpture: Refers to the stereoscopic visual arts as the carrier of the plastic arts (Shirwanlin qualitative). Sculpture is a kind of plastic arts. Also known as sculpture, is carved, carved, plastic three kinds of creation methods collectively. Refers to the use of a variety of plastic materials (such as gypsum, resin, clay, etc.) or can be carved, can be carved hard materials (such as wood, stone, metal, jade block, agate, aluminum, FRP, sandstone, copper, etc.), to create a certain space of visual and tactile art image, in order to reflect social life, the expression of the artist's aesthetic feelings, aesthetic feelings, The art of aesthetic ideals. Carving, carved through the reduction of the material materials can be carved, plastic through the heap to increase the plastic material to achieve the purpose of artistic creation. Round, reliefs and through carving (hollow carving) is its basic form. In the same environment with a set of round or relief together to express a topic content called Sung. With the development of science and technology and the change of people's concept, the traditional four-dimensional sculpture, five-D sculpture, sound-light sculpture, dynamic sculpture and soft sculpture appeared in modern art. This is due to the emergence of Einstein's theory of relativity, breaking through the world view established by Newton's theory, changing people's time and space view, so that sculpture art from a higher level of understanding and performance of the world, break through three-dimensional, visual, static form, to multidimensional space-time mentality.
The Origin and development of sculpture is closely connected with the production of human beings, and it is influenced by the social ideology of religion and philosophy in various times. such as the French Paleolithic round and female horses, wild boar, such as relief, Shaanxi, China and Liaoning Lingyuan, jianping and other places found 5,000-6,000 years ago Neolithic stone carving, bone sculpture, portrait and goddess of sculpture, etc., reflects the human worship of natural forces and worship of animals and the understanding of the people themselves, The process of understanding the world. The Terracotta Warriors of the Qin Shihuang mausoleum reconstructed the imperial Army more than 2000 years ago. Sculpture is the crystallization of times, thoughts, feelings and aesthetic ideas, and it is a record of the visualization of social development.